The most common use of the semicolon is to join two independent clauses without using a conjunction like and. A semicolon should be followed by a capital letter only if the word is a proper noun or an acronym. Using a comma instead of a semicolon in the sentences above would result. Thanks to Library Lady Jane for all her help in writing these grammar guides over the years. If you would like a regular serving of grammar-related. How to Use English Punctuation Correctly. With the dawn of the Internet, the birth of Internet slang, and the growing use of SMS, many of us are starting to forget.
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Collections are a grouping of images TinEye crawled from the web. The TinEye Compare feature lets you quickly switch back and forth between your search and result image. This highlights any differences between the two images. How to use TinEye Using TinEye , you can search by image or perform what we call a reverse image search.
Browser extensions The TinEye extensions allow you to search for any web image by simply right-clicking on images in a web browser. Working with the search results. Filter by stock tells you if an image is a stock photograph. Where the list items themselves already use commas, things can get complicated. That's where the semicolon can be useful.
Here, a colon introduces the list and semicolons indicate which parts of the list are grouped together. In this example, commas help to separate town names from more general locations, and semicolons show which of the place names and locations are grouped together. How to use semicolons in a list Semicolons can be used to separate parts of a sentence.
Find out how to use semicolons to list the members of a band. When would you use semicolons in a list? Examples Look at the following example: Discover more about this topic from around Bitesize. Use these replacements in moderation to place greater emphasis where and may not do so, as well as to avoid confusing the reader.
Here are examples of how to use and how not to use a slash in this way: Use the double quotation mark " to enclose a direct quotation derived from either a spoken or written source. Generally speaking, quotation marks are used to denote that the information is a quote.
In other words, whether you're recreating someone's verbal speech or simply re-writing something that they wrote elsewhere, you'll use quotation marks. Use parentheses to clarify. Parentheses are often used to explain something that can't be deduced from the rest of the sentence. Note that sometimes parentheses and commas can be used interchangeably. Here is an example of parentheses used for clarification: Use parentheses to denote an afterthought.
Parentheses can also be used to contain information that is supplementary to the sentence they are part of. In this case, the line between using parentheses and starting a new sentence instead can be somewhat murky. A good general rule is to use parentheses for short additions and quips, not complex ideas.
Here is an example of parentheses used for an afterthought. Note that the period full stop follows the last parenthesis — not before the first. Also note that replacing the parentheses with a comma may not be entirely suitable here, while a period or a semicolon may work: You will need a flashlight for the camping trip don't forget the batteries! Use parentheses for personal comments. One additional usage of parentheses is to contain the writer's direct comments to the reader. Usually, the comments contained in parentheses refer to the preceding sentence.
As above, the shorter and simpler the better. If you have to expound at great length or reference several disparate pieces of your writing, it's usually best to start a new sentence.
Here is an example of parentheses used for a personal comment: Use brackets to signify an editor's note in a regular piece of writing. You can also use brackets " [ ] " to clarify or to revise a direct quote. Brackets are often used to encompass the word "sic" Latin for thus , indicating that the previous word or phrase was presented "as is," retaining an error in the original version.
Note that the original quote was, "It was absolutely devastating! Use braces to denote a numeric set in mathematics. Here are two examples of brace usage. Note that the second is exceedingly rare: The set of numbers in this problem is: Not Helpful 0 Helpful How can I master them?
Read a lot of English text and pay attention to how they are used. Not Helpful 3 Helpful If you want to show ownership for one person, you would add an " 's" at the end of the name e. If you'd like to show ownership for more than one person, you'd add an "s' " e. Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I interpret the meaning of "Have had a look. Will send a detailed reply to Fred"? It means, "I looked at it.
I will do as you have suggested. I will respond to Fred in detail. Not Helpful 2 Helpful Is it proper to say "The cookbook on the shelf has many good vegetarian recipes in them"? No, the "them" at the end of your sentence refers to the cookbook, a single object. So "them" should become "it. Not Helpful 4 Helpful You can use it immediately after an error in a quotation commonly a misspelling.
A statement released by the Trump campaign said, "We need too [sic] make America great again. A period generally comes after a complete sentence. Bob went to the park. Not Helpful 10 Helpful In a title, capitalize the first word and all other main words. Do not capitalize prepositions. Not Helpful 14 Helpful Always use commas to separate phrases that are extra information. In other words, if the sentence still makes sense without the phrase, commas should be used to separate it from the rest of the sentence, just as you have done.
How would I punctuate "There was a huge traffic jam on the motorway it stretched for miles it took us three hours to airport this left us feeling exhausted"? It stretched for miles. It took us three hours to get to the airport. This left us feeling exhausted.
Not Helpful 6 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips The placement of punctuation marks before or after a closing quotation mark varies. American English always places periods full stops and commas inside the quotation marks, "like so.
Semicolons and colons always go outside the quotation marks, "like so"; The use of question marks and exclamation marks varies depending upon context. If the whole sentence is a question, and the quotation is a word or phrase at the end of the sentence, the question mark goes outside the quotation marks.
If the whole sentence is a statement and the quotation is a question, the question mark goes inside the quotation marks. Do you like to watch "The Office"? He shouted, "Where do you think you're going? While this is sometimes true, there are some cases where a set of parentheses might be more suitable, such as in indicating one's personal thought. There are exceptions to the hyphen-dash rule. In making compound words, when one of the words is itself composed of two words, use an en dash — rather than a hyphen, as in, "He took the Paris—New York route.
Most of your sentences should be declarative statements. If you decide against the serial comma in your work, make sure that the meaning of the sentence can stand without its use. Think about the classic example of a sentence in which the serial comma is needed: Dashes are usually considered to be informal.
You might want to replace the use of a dash with a set of parentheses, or even commas. Similarly, limit the frequency of dash use in your writing; it should be reserved to emphasize a limited number of important points. Never be afraid to have short sentences in your writing by splitting up long sentences that contain several points. Your reader will appreciate writing that is clear and concise with briefer statements, as opposed to a one-page paragraph with twenty words per sentence.
If you write in a professional capacity, be sure to follow any guidelines or style guides provided by your employer.
In some cases, their rules can be at odds with what you read here or elsewhere, but their rules should take precedence.
For example, some companies use serial commas a, b, and c and others do not a, b and c. If you find that a sentence seems to drag on, find a way to add a comma or two, so that it is easier on the reader's eyes. If a sentence becomes too long, consider splitting it into two or more sentences. Warnings Try to distinguish between the punctuation rules of different languages in order to avoid using punctuation incorrectly. Keep in mind that punctuation should be used to enhance writing and create a more "intelligent" appearance.
The whole point of punctuation is to increase clarity. While using English punctuation appropriately may help your writing to flow more smoothly, don't overdo it. It's better to err by omission than to include superfluous, even confusing apostrophes, commas and other marks. Do not use punctuation just because it seems more intellectual. Article Summary X To use English punctuation correctly, remember to always capitalize the first letter of a sentence, as well as the names of specific people, places, and things.
Did this summary help you? Time 60 Score 0. Want to try again? Want to play a fun game and learn about wikiHow? Featured Articles Punctuation In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 3,, times.
I haven't been able to find out anything about using " I'm not even sure what these three dots are called. A Anonymous Jun 28, I'm honestly a perfectionist and it's frustrating to know that I still make very common mistakes, especially with semi-colons. This helped a lot! I'm sure I'll learn more over time with more and more practice!
EO Esosa Osarenmwinda Jul 17, Thanks to wikiHow, my favorite website and resort, I've been able to know them again and learn more. SL Shannon Lewis May 4, It's most useful to have a clear and succinct article such as this. The cheat sheet was also much appreciated.
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Using Semicolons. Semicolons help you connect closely related ideas when a style mark stronger than a comma is needed. By using semicolons effectively, you. Find out how to separate items in a list using semicolons in this handy step-by- step from KS3 English. Semicolons can help create variety, emphasize relatedness and separate items in a list. Grammar Girl explains how to use them well and improve your writing.