Written by Jillian Kubala, MS, RD on February 26, Cannabidiol is a popular natural Here are seven health benefits of CBD oil that are backed by scientific evidence. Marijuana has been used to treat pain as far back as B.C. (2). They may often be used interchangeably but they are two very different products. Let's get into the differences of hemp oil vs CBD oil. Hemp oil can easily be added in food as a vitamin supplement due to its high level of. CBD oil benefits include natural treatment of numerous diseases without the amazing health benefits of CBD, and Americans are beginning to take notice. CBD is one of over 60 compounds found in cannabis that belong to a class of Tinctures: Tinctures are the most popular way to use CBD oil, likely.
Benefits CBD Capsules Tinctures: Over Oil Hemp
However, CBD concentration is more important than bottle size. Concentration refers to the ratio of hemp oil solution measured in mL compared to the amount of CBD cannabinoid measured in milligrams, or mg.
A mL bottle may contain mg of CBD, mg, mg, or more. The higher the mg amount, the stronger the CBD oil will be. How much CBD oil you should take largely depends on your bodyweight, as well as the desired effects. The next table breaks down the effects of different doses based on these two factors.
Always consult your physician to determine the best dosage for you. CBD oil alleviates physical pain and anxiety — both of which can have a negative impact on sleep. Additionally, CBD oil can actually prolong sleep for some, leading to more rest from night to night.
However, please note that the medicinal effects of CBD oil have not been studied extensively. While many medical patients claim the oils improve sleep quality and duration, more clinical trials are needed to determine how and why these improvements occur — and if they are applicable to all individuals. Additionally, CBD oil is also associated with some negative side effects.
CBD oil is considered therapeutic and low-risk for most users. However, CBD oil may result in the following adverse effects: This may be the desired effect. In recent years, the legality of CBD oil and other products derived from hemp or marijuana has been a hot-button issue.
Historically, hemp could legally be grown and cultivated for academic research purposes only. However, the legality of hemp growth has changed in the past year. In April , Sen. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky introduced the Hemp Farming Act of , a piece of legislation that proposed legalizing all hemp products at the federal level. Per the farm bill, industrial hemp will be descheduled as a federally controlled substance.
Still, the legality of marijuana-based CBD oil also varies from state to state. The table below lists general guidelines for hemp- and marijuana-based CBD oil consumption based on different state laws. These states have more complex laws pertaining to hemp- and marijuana-based CBD oils. These initiatives may have a bearing on the legality and availability of CBD oils.
Three other states, Arizona, Missouri, and Nebraska, failed to garner enough votes to place marijuana initiatives on the ballots. These laws are ever-changing, and the guidelines listed above should not substitute for legal advice. When purchasing hemp-derived CBD oil for sleep, you may be able to find products through one or more of the following establishments: Cost is another consideration.
Most CBD oils are sold in concentrations of to mg, although this may range from less than mg to more than 2, A good indicator of price-point is the cost per milligram.
Low-cost CBD oils usually fall between five and 10 cents per mg; mid-range prices are 11 to 15 cents per mg; and higher-end oils cost 16 cents per mg or higher. Although price may be an indicator of CBD oil quality, we suggest researching the following factors to ensure the oil you select is considered high-quality. Some forms of CBD oil — such as vapors and tinctures — normally have higher-than-average concentrations, whereas sprays and topicals tend to have lower concentrations.
When buying CBD oil for the first time and comparing different products, here are a few variables to keep in mind: As noted in the previous section, CBD oil prices vary significantly by brand. The best practice for most is to determine a per-milligram budget for CBD oil, as well as a maximum price for the entire bottle. Also, if ordering online, be sure to include potential shipping costs.
Weight plays a role in the effects of CBD oil, and bottle size should be selected based on how much you weigh. If you weigh more than pounds and desire strong effects, then this same concentration will supply roughly 10 doses.
Also, state residence may indicate that fewer buying locations are available. If the answer is yes, then full spectrum CBD oils may not be a feasible option due to their THC content; although these oils contain trace amounts of THC, this may lead to a failed drug test. Crystalline isolate oils, on the other hand, contain no THC and will not compromise drug tests in any way.
Third-party testing information is vital for consumers; any CBD oils that do not supply these details should be avoided.
Lab results are not as crucial, but may indicate a higher-quality product if they are included. Both online and brick-and-mortar experiences carry pros and cons for CBD oil shoppers.
In addition to natural, unscented CBD oils, many oils come in different flavors. This factor boils down to personal preference — although the flavor selection will be broader with some brands than others.
How Does Marijuana Affect Sleep? This research is supported by you, our readers, through our independently chosen links, which earn us a commission. Crystalline Isolate Oil is extracted from cannabis plant, then allowed to cool; this isolates the CBD from other cannabinoids The oil forms crystals and is crushed into a powder None White and twinkly No Full Spectrum Oil Oil is extracted from the cannabis plant Oil is not cooled, allowing it to retain THC and other cannabinoids 0.
CBD oil can be consumed in several different ways. CBD oils may be manufactured as small capsules that are orally ingested. Another form of oral CBD oil ingestion is the tincture, often used as a food additive. Tinctures are sold in dropper bottles; most users place one or two drops beneath their tongue for several minutes in order to experience the full effects. Tinctures normally have stronger concentrations compared to other CBD products.
CBD oil can be ingested as an oral spray. Sprays tend to have lower concentrations compared to other CBD products. This form of CBD oil is applied directly to the skin; it usually has the consistency of lotion.
Weight Group Recommended Dosage for Mild Effects Recommended Dosage for Moderate Effects Recommended Dosage for Strong Effects Light less than pounds 11 mg or less 12 to 14 mg 15 to 17 mg Medium to pounds 18 mg or less 15 to 23 mg 18 to 28 mg Heavy more than pounds 23 mg or less 24 to 30 mg 29 to 45 mg. The anxiety-alleviating and sleep-prolonging qualities of CBD oil make it a good option for many people with insomnia.
Those who experience insomnia due to pain or discomfort may also find that using CBD oil alleviates their physical symptoms to a noticeable extent. CBD oil may also promote daytime wakefulness when taken in small amounts; people with insomnia can use it as a pick-me-up if they feel excessively tired due to lack of restful sleep. REM behavior disorder RBD is a parasomnia disorder characterized by shouting, becoming physically agitated, or otherwise acting out during sleep.
Both depression and anxiety disorder have been linked to sleep disruption. CBD oil can alleviate symptoms of these disorders because it activates serotonin receptors in the brain; the release of serotonin has soothing, anti-anxiety effects that can help people sleep.
CBD oil also increases levels of adenosine in the brain; adenosine is a neurotransmitter that aids cardiovascular function and eases painful inflammation. CBD oil may be prescribed for patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome, two rare forms of severe epilepsy; the medication Epidiolex, a CBD oil oral solution, is typically prescribed in these instances.
CBD oil can also ease the severity of seizures for people with other forms of epilepsy. Due to its anti-psychotic effects, non-THC CBD oil can reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia and other disorders with psychotic effects. The liver regulates the way different drugs are metabolized within the body; this process is known as hepatic drug metabolism.
Higher-than-average doses of CBD oil can slow the hepatic drug metabolism process. As a result, users may not be able to process other drugs as quickly. This is particularly concerning for CBD oil users who also take prescription medications.
As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth or cottonmouth. This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation.
In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth. CBD oil may incite a small drop in blood pressure immediately after it is consumed; this may also cause the user to feel lightheaded. Diarrhea is a common side effect for people who take relatively large doses of CBD oil, and is linked to the substance interacting with the digestive system.
Lowering oil doses often minimizes this effect. CBD oil may make users feel hungrier than usual, which is a common effect of most cannabinoids. Marijuana-based CBD oils are illegal to use recreationally or for medical reasons. The state senate recently introduced legislation that would legalize CBD oil, but the governor struck down this motion.
Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is available to medical patients participating in a clinical trial. Hemp-based CBD is legal. Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is legal for research purposes when used to treat epilepsy. Marijuana- and hemp-based CBD is exclusively available to medical patients participating in clinical trials.
It is available to use recreationally and for medical purposes, provided the product meets FDA approval. If passed, the Michigan Marijuana Legislation Initiative would legalize recreational and medical marijuana use for all adults over the age of This measure was approved. If passed, Utah Proposition 2, Medical Marijuana Initiative would legalize the use of marijuana for individuals with qualifying medical illnesses.
CB1 receptors are widely distributed, but are particularly abundant in areas of the brain, including those concerned with movement, coordination, pain and sensory perception, emotion, memory, cognition, autonomic and endocrine functions. CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune system, and they seem to reduce inflammation and certain kinds of pain. Although cannabinoids all have similar structures, they display a wide array of actions at each of the different receptor sites.
THC does come with a long list of health benefits too, but the clinical use of this cannabis compound is often limited by its unwanted psychoactive side effects. For this reason, interest in non-psychoactive phytocannabinoids , such as CBD, has substantially increased in recent years.
This is what makes CBD so appealing to the medical community, as the cause of psychoactive side effects has been a major barrier in the acceptance of medical marijuana. For this reason, CBD benefits extend to being used in clinical trials on young children with epilepsy.
As the CBD oil market continues to grow, more and more products are being sold online or in your local health food stores. You can find many types of CBD and each one is used in a different way. The most common types of CBD available include:. You may notice that some CBD products are made with hemp oil , which can be confusing. What exactly is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil? Hemp oil also called hemp seed oil is extracted from the hemp seeds of the hemp plant and it contains very little or no THC.
Marijuana, on the other hand, has THC levels above 0. It is legal to purchase CBD oil that comes from the hemp plant because it contains less than 0.
This is good news for consumers who are looking to purchase CBD oil legally and for farmers who can now profit from hemp. The hemp seed oil in your local grocery store is extracted from the seeds of the plant and can be used for adding flavor to a range of recipes.
Hemp seed oil is also popular because it serves as a source of important nutrients, including polyunsaturated fatty acids, terpenes and proteins. What about cannabis oil? These trichomes are tiny, hair-like crystals that cover the leaves and buds of the cannabis plant. Trichomes produce the hundreds of known cannabinoids that can be found in marijuana.
Research shows that cannabis oil has therapeutic value , as it works to improve sleep disorders, relieve anxiety, improve appetite, reduce pain, boost heart health and maybe even help to prevent cancer.
You can only purchase cannabis oil legally in certain states and each state has specific laws addressing how and when you can obtain cannabis oil. And because cannabis oil does contain THC, there are more potential side effects associated with its use.
It may decrease your ability to concentrate and think, lead to short-term cognitive impairment, and there have been reports of adverse effects of vaping cannabis oil with concentrated THC levels.
However, CBD products that are derived from industrial hemp are being sold legally, but only under the strict regulations of the Farm Bill. Under the new bill, legal hemp-derived CBD products must contain less than 0. So, as you can see, the legality of CBD can be a bit a tricky and the laws regarding the compound continue to change. To add to the confusion, each state has specific requirements and conditions that need to be followed in order to use CBD derived from marijuana legally.
As of , you can purchase CBD derived from the marijuana plant legally in 46 states and 3 territories with a prescription for medicinal usage.
The laws for each state is different, especially when it comes to how much THC can legally be present in the product. Among common CBD benefits, natural pain relief tops the list for many. Evidence suggests that cannabinoids may prove useful in pain modulation by inhibiting neuronal transmission in pain pathways. A study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine found that CBD significantly suppressed chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rodents without causing analgesic tolerance.
Researchers suggest that CBD and other nonpsychoactive components of marijuana may represent a novel class of therapeutic agents for the treatment of chronic pain. According to a meta-analysis conducted in Canada , the combination of CBD and THC buccal spray was found to be effective in treating neuropathic pain in multiple sclerosis , which can be debilitating for 50 percent to 70 percent of MS patients.
It appears to have a pharmacological profile similar to that of atypical antipsychotic drugs, as seen in using behavioral and neurochemical techniques in animal studies.
Additionally, studies show that CBD prevents human experimental psychosis and is effective in open case reports and clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia , with a remarkable safety profile. Studies using animal models of anxiety and involving healthy volunteers clearly suggest an anxiolytic-like effect of CBD.
A study aimed to compare the effects of a simulation public speaking test on healthy control patients and treatment-naive patients with social anxiety disorder. A total of 24 never-treated patients with social anxiety disorder were given either CBD or placebo 1. Researchers found that pretreatment with CBD significantly reduced anxiety , cognitive impairment and discomfort in their speech performance, and significantly decreased alertness in anticipation of their speech.
The placebo group presented higher anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort. A study published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics found for the first time that CBD potently and selectively inhibited the growth of different breast tumor cell lines and exhibited significantly less potency in non-cancer cells. In , researchers added light on the cellular mechanism through which CBD induces cell death in breast cancer cells. They showed that CBD induced a concentration-dependent cell death of both estrogen receptor-positive and estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cells.
They also found that the effective concentrations of CBD in tumor cells have little effect on non-tumorigenic, mammary cells. CBD behaves as a non-toxic compound and studies show that doses of milligrams per day for six weeks did not show any overt toxicity in humans, suggesting that it can be used for prolonged treatment. Cannabis has been used for centuries for the suppression of nausea and vomiting. Research has revealed that among more than 80 cannabinoid compounds found in marijuana, both the intoxicant THC and the non-intoxicant CBD helps to get rid of nausea and vomiting in animal studies.
Researchers found that CBD acts in a diphasic manner , meaning that in low doses it suppresses toxin-induced vomiting, but in high doses it increases nausea or has no effect. Nineteen responses met the inclusion criteria for the study: The average number of anti-epileptic drugs tried before using CBD cannabis was Of these, two 11 percent reported complete seizure freedom, eight 42 percent reported a greater than 80 percent reduction in seizure frequency, and six 32 percent reported a 25—60 percent seizure reduction.
Other beneficial effects included increased alertness, better mood and improved sleep; while side effects included drowsiness and fatigue. After three months of treatment, 39 percent of the 23 patients had more than a 50 percent reduction in seizures, with a 32 percent median reduction. These preliminary results support the animal studies and survey reports that CBD may be a promising treatment for treatment-resistant epilepsy, and it is generally well-tolerated in doses up to 25 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.
A study found that CBD treatment significantly reduced the incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice from an incidence of 86 percent in non-treated mice to an incidence of 30 percent in CBD-treated mice. A histological examination of the pancreatic islets of the CBD-treated mice revealed significantly reduced insulitis. In , the American Journal of Medicine published a study that highlighted the impact of marijuana use on glucose, insulin and insulin resistance among U.
The study included 4, adult men and women from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from to Of the participants, were current marijuana users and 1, were past users.
The researchers found that current marijuana use was associated with 16 percent lower fasting insulin levels. They also found significant associations between marijuana use and smaller waist circumferences, a factor connected to the onset of diabetes symptoms. A study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology reports that CBD protects against the vascular damage caused by a high glucose environment, inflammation or the induction of type 2 diabetes in animal models; plus, CBD proved to reduce the vascular hyperpermeability which causes leaky gut associated with such environments.
As the popularity of CBD products continues to grow, more manufacturers are jumping on the bandwagon. This can be a great thing for consumers who are looking to get the best CBD products out there. But it also requires careful research before making a purchase. Although the research on the medicinal use of cannabis is strong, several studies indicate that the recreational use of cannabis can have persistent adverse effects on mental health.
Most recreational users will never be faced with such persistent mental illness, but in some individuals cannabis use leads to undesirable effects, including cognitive impairment, anxiety, paranoia and increased risks of developing chronic psychosis or drug addiction.
Some studies show that CBD can counteract these adverse effects, but more research is needed, as most of this research is done on animals or is based on anecdotal reports. There are several ways to use CBD, including in capsule, topical, edible or drop forms.
I recommend ingesting CBD oil using a dropper because this is the easiest way to stay in control of exactly how much you are taking. Plus, pure CBD oil will not contain additives that come with side effects. Remember, when you are using CBD oil or any kind of cannabis product, you must read the product label to determine the best dose for you.
CBD Oil: The Science-Backed Game Changer for Pain, Anxiety, Cancer & More
Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, Cannabis Oil are all common phrases used. There are * Health Canada has not licensed cannabis oil products as either a. Hemp seed oil and CBD oil have become synonymous with health and well- being. . Another benefit of hemp seed oil is the high levels of vitamin E. On for people to create their own CBD tinctures with hemp seed oil. CBD is built from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD oil is usually used for medicinal purposes, treating inflammation, pain, sleep disorders available in the warehouse such as CBD vape oil, tinctures and CBD capsules. CBD Oil and CBD Capsule, the main difference is risk of over dosage.