Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by persistent and excessive worry about a number of different things. People with GAD may anticipate. Anxiety disorders like GAD cannot be prevented. However, there are some things that you can do to control or lessen. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by a perpetual state of worry, apprenhension, inability to relax, and.
(GAD) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Consult your doctor if you believe you have any of the symptoms related to this disorder and discuss the benefits and risks of any medication or therapy. We proudly support the research and programs of c 3 non-profit organizations and institutions such as: Working with these partners enables Anxiety.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition and cannot be substituted for the advice of physicians, licensed professionals, or therapists who are familiar with your specific situation.
Consult a licensed medical professional or call , if you are in need of immediate assistance. Definition Symptoms Causes Treatments Resources. Symptoms You may suffer from GAD if you experience the following symptoms: Causes It's hard to identify a single cause for GAD - contributing risk factors include genetics, brain chemistry, or trauma.
Treatment Clinical treatments for GAD typically utilize psychotherapy and medication. This psychiatric therapy technique encourages the patient to learn the connection between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. This understanding can allow the patient to visualize and control the underlying cause of their anxiety. A frequently used sedative and anti-anxiety medication for GAD, benzodiazepines include diazepam Valium , lorazepam Ativan , clonazepam Klonopin , and alprazolam Xanax.
However, benzodiazepines aren't always the best course of action - they can cause addiction and dependency, and are at risk for being abused. Sarah Krill Williston, M. K from University of Toronto. Social Media Edition By: Treating Anxiety With Psychotherapy By: Support from other people is vital to overcoming GAD. This person should be someone you can talk to for an uninterrupted period of time, someone who will listen to you without judging, criticizing, or continually being distracted by the phone or other people.
Build a strong support system. Human beings are social creatures. Talk it out when your worries start spiraling. If you start to feel overwhelmed with anxiety, meet with a trusted family member or friend. Just talking face to face about your worries can make them seem less threatening. Your anxious take on life may be something you learned when you were growing up.
When considering who to turn to, ask yourself whether you tend to feel better or worse after talking to that person about a problem. Be aware that having GAD can get in the way of your ability to connect with others. Anxiety and constant worrying can leave you feeling needy and insecure, causing problems in your relationships. Do you test your partner? In these situations, you can quickly self-soothe and relieve anxiety symptoms by making use of one or more of your physical senses:.
Sight — Look at anything that relaxes you or makes you smile: Sound — Listen to soothing music, sing a favorite tune, or play a musical instrument. Or enjoy the relaxing sounds of nature either live or recorded: Smell — Light scented candles.
Smell the flowers in a garden. Breathe in the clean, fresh air. Spritz on your favorite perfume. Taste — Slowly eat a favorite treat, savoring each bite. Sip a hot cup of coffee or herbal tea. Chew on a stick of gum. Enjoy a mint or your favorite hard candy.
Touch — Give yourself a hand or neck massage. Cuddle with a pet. Wrap yourself in a soft blanket. Sit outside in the cool breeze. Movement — Go for a walk, jump up and down, or gently stretch. Dancing, drumming, and running can be especially effective. Exercise is a natural and effective anti-anxiety treatment. It relieves tension, reduces stress hormones, boosts feel-good chemicals such as serotonin and endorphins, and physically changes the brain in ways that make it less anxiety-prone and more resilient.
For maximum relief of GAD, try to get at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most days. Exercise that engages both your arms and legs—such as walking, running, swimming, or dancing—are particularly good choices. For even greater benefits, try adding mindfulness element to your workouts. Mindfulness is a powerful anxiety fighter—and an easy technique to incorporate into your exercise program. Rather than spacing out or focusing on your thoughts during a workout, focus on how your body feels as you move.
Try to notice the sensation of your feet hitting the ground, for example, or the rhythm of your breathing, or the feeling of the wind on your skin. The core symptom of GAD is chronic worrying. But, in fact, worrying is self-generated. The trigger comes from the outside, but your internal running dialogue keeps it going. You run over the feared situation in your mind and think about all the ways you might deal with it. But more often than not, worrying is unproductive—sapping your mental and emotional energy without resulting in any concrete problem-solving strategies or actions.
How to distinguish between productive and unproductive worrying? This may involve challenging irrational worrisome thoughts, learning how to stop worrying , and learning to accept uncertainty in your life.
Anxiety is more than just a feeling. Your heart pounds, you breathe faster, your muscles tense up, and you feel light-headed. Your heart rate slows down, you breathe slower and more deeply, your muscles relax, and your blood pressure stabilizes.
This hyperventilation causes symptoms such as dizziness, breathlessness, lightheadedness, and tingly hands and feet. These physical symptoms are frightening, leading to further anxiety and panic. But by breathing deeply from the diaphragm, you can reverse these symptoms and calm yourself down. The technique involves systematically tensing and then releasing different muscle groups in your body.
As your body relaxes, your mind will follow. Research shows that mindfulness meditation can actually change your brain. With regular practice, meditation boosts activity on the left side of the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain responsible for feelings of serenity and joy. A healthy, balanced lifestyle plays a big role in keeping the symptoms of GAD at bay.
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by six months or more of chronic, exaggerated worry and tension that is unfounded or much more severe. What is generalised anxiety disorder (GAD)?. Most people feel anxious and worried from time to time, especially when faced with stressful situations like taking. Excessive, ongoing anxiety and worry can interfere with your daily activities and may be a sign of generalized anxiety disorder, but treatment.