I use a CBD oil and it is helping my feet and also my heel pain patience73 I have nerve pain and the narcotics arent working brendareid. In November we searched for clinical trials that used cannabis products to treat conditions with chronic neuropathic pain in adults. When used as treatment for pain, CBD has a powerful effect on neuropathic pain, which is pain of the nerves and might be caused by peripheral nerve injury or.
Nerve and CBD Pain Oil
Article Nov 28, by Nicole Gleichmann. If you are struggling with chronic pain, one of the safest and most effective options could be marijuana. Medical marijuana is becoming one of the most popular alternative treatments for chronic pain - this can range from pain caused by conditions such as migraines or arthritis to pain caused by injury. With over million Americans suffering from chronic pain, a safe and effective treatment is needed, and this does not exist with the presently available pharmaceutical options.
The two main treatments currently available for relieving pain include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs and opioid prescription medications. These pain relievers are not nearly as safe as cannabis. Opioid drugs are one of the most addictive drugs available today, and their use can be fatal if abused: While NSAIDs are generally effective at reducing pain caused by inflammation, prolonged use is accompanied by many dangerous side effects.
These include increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Medical marijuana is becoming a popular alternative to over-the-counter and prescription painkillers, and for good reason. As a remedy for pain, pot comes with fewer side effects and no risk of tolerance or overdose.
Cannabis sativa and its constituents have proven to be both safe and effective when it comes to pain management. With the legality of marijuana spreading across the United States and other countries, many people are now being given the opportunity to switch from dangerous, addictive medications to a natural, safer alternative.
Whether you are suffering from chronic nerve or body pain, or you are experiencing short-term pain from muscle strain, headaches, toothaches, or simply sore muscles, cannabis offers a safer and possibly more effective option than what is typically used for pain today. Throughout this time, the cannabis plant has been exalted as miraculous and cursed as a danger to the fabric of society.
Yet, throughout this varied past, one thing has remained the same: Cannabis has been used as a plant medicine for the treatment of an impressively wide array of diseases. The earliest evidence of its medicinal use dates back to BC when Chinese Emperor Shen Nung documented the analgesic pain-relieving properties.
Shen Nung is considered by many to be the father of Chinese medicine, which has helped to heal people through the use of natural remedies for thousands of years. We have now entered a time where the benefits of this plant are beginning to come back to the forefront of the discussion. Indeed, countless individuals across the world have access to legal marijuana for chronic pain conditions.
Should patients turn to singular compounds found in the plant, or turn to the plant itself? If using the whole plant, what marijuana strains are the best for providing relief from pain? When you compare Western medicine to traditional medicine the world over, one of the most striking differences is the need in the West to pinpoint one specific molecule that is responsible for treating a disease or symptom. This viewpoint stands contrary to the idea of holistic medicine, where you take something in its entirety for medicinal purposes.
The Cannabis sativa plant is one of the greatest present-day examples of this tug-of-war between Western medicine and traditional medicine. It has been found to have a variety of health-related benefits for the user. CBD is the second most well-known cannabinoid found in cannabis, and like most of the other phytocannabinoids, it is non-psychotropic.
These are the two most abundant and well-studied cannabinoids in marijuana, and both have been found in numerous published studies to have pain-relieving properties in humans. While they may be the most abundant, THC and CBD are certainly not the only compounds found in cannabis that are known to exert positive effects on human health. In every cannabis plant, there is a unique mixture of hundreds of plant compounds, comprised of phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Research suggests that these compounds too have an influence on our neurochemistry, and together they may work synergistically, producing better improvements in pain relief than anyone would produce on its own. This research supports the idea that it is best to use the whole cannabis plant, with CBD, THC, and the natural medley of additional compounds.
This harmony between the various plant chemicals found in marijuana is colloquially referred to as the entourage effect. The most well-studied compounds found in the marijuana plant that support the idea of the entourage effect are THC and CBD, which have been found to work differently together than when separate. Using these two compounds in concert has been shown to help mitigate side effects and enhance efficacy, with CBD plus THC showing more benefit for some conditions than THC alone.
It has also been found to extend the half-life of THC, which may help to extend the pain-relieving benefits. This has allowed the use of higher doses of THC in clinical trials for the treatment of pain caused by multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathic pain, intractable cancer pain, and rheumatoid arthritis.
When used in concert, a greater efficacy in treating these types of pain have been observed. Every strain of bud that you can purchase at a dispensary will be labeled with its THC and CBD content, which can be helpful when choosing which strain to choose for pain relief. CBD has been found to exhibit enhancements in treating pain both when used on its own and when used in combination with THC.
When used alone, CBD is largely best for inflammatory pain, such as that caused by arthritis or injuries. In one animal study on arthritis pain, it was found that the topical application of CBD led to a reduction in inflammation and pain. Another animal study found that CBD helps to reduce neuropathic pain through the suppression of chronic inflammation.
CBD does not directly bind to the receptors found in the endocannabinoid system but rather works to modulate the effects of the endocannabinoids the cannabinoids found naturally in our bodies as well as working as a CB1 receptor antagonist. The main mechanism by which CBD is thought to help mediate pain is by reducing inflammation , largely by blocking inflammatory mediators. It is also believed to potentiate glycine receptors, which help to regulate pain at the spinal level.
This suppresses both neuropathic and inflammatory pain. THC is used clinically for the treatment of pain and studies find it helps relieve central and neuropathic pain. It is also used to help reduce pain in cancer, AIDS, and fibromyalgia patients, for which resistance to other pain treatments have been found.
The mode of action for THC is as a partial CB1 receptor agonist, which means that it will bind to these receptors but not fully which leads to the variability in effects documented when THC is present with other CB1 agonists, antagonists or both. It has been found to impact the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic systems — an action which may contribute to its pain-relieving benefits.
Additionally, THC has been found to act as an anti-inflammatory agent. While human studies have found benefits from the use of THC, CBD, and whole-plant marijuana in relieving pain, much of the evidence for this use comes from user reports and surveys.
When searching for the best cannabis strains for pain relief, you will first want to consider how much THC and CBD is found in the strain. This is because CBD can help to mediate the side effects of THC while also providing additional anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
One example would be if you are experiencing inflammation, yet you are wanting to go about your day normally, without the psychotropic effects of THC. Other times you may be in enough pain that you would like something that takes your mind off the pain while also offering pain relief.
In one survey , participants reported that indicas helped more than sativas when it came to headaches, joint pain, neuropathy, and spasticity. Users also reported indicas to be more helpful when it comes to sleep and sedation. Lastly, there are countless user reports on specific strains of weed that have been found to be powerful for relieving pain.
While some of these strains are high CBD, indica strains, some strains of weed used for pain do not fall into this category. It may be that the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids have come together in a harmonious balance that leads to strong pain-relieving properties.
There are limited studies examining the effect of CBD alone on pain in humans. When it comes to CBD only studies, the majority are preclinical or animal studies. That said, the research conducted thus far, along with countless user reports, suggests that CBD itself may be able to help relieve pain. To date, I'm still using CBD oil for my paid and came off pain medications completely.
God gave us something great! HHC November 12, Thanks for those dosage recommendations! Indeed dosage is so important to see real results but transparency on labs results and composition are definitively the most important criteria's I'm looking at when it comes to buy CBD oil!
Any opinion on CBDPure? Curious on what it's worth.. Adam Ranah October 17, I read more CBD oil benefits you guys might be interested in here: Alisa Cameron October 4, My husband was diagnosed with ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis when he was 61 years old 4 years ago.
The Rilutek riluzole did very little to help him. The medical team did even less. His decline was rapid and devastating. His arms weakened first, then his hands and legs. Tim September 20, I have sciatica nerve pain. What MG should I buy and how many drops per day. Rosemary August 16, She is currently in a nursing home. I firmly believe her mental situation began with the over use of hydrocodone for over 30 years and was acerbated by the trauma of breaking and disconnecting her knee cap.
Since weaning her off of her meds still in progress we have regained much of her consciousness. I want to try CBD to help in her recovery or to help slow down the disease.
I would need to give it to her when I am there visiting about 3 - 4 times per week. Tammy Ward October 6, The CBD oil needs to be taken twice a day everyday.
The dosage depends on symptoms and it takes 30 days to awken your natural cannabis system after you begin taking the oil. I personally use Hemp works CBD oil in the strength and only need 5 drops sublingual 2 times daily and results are many. Problem with oil and alz. We have just began to get my dad on it. He too is in a nursing home in the state of florida and they cannot deny him any medication my mom has requested that he receive.
If she is not their they are supposed to administer and she will call them to make sure he gets it. He is not 30 days into dosing yet so I don't have any results to speak of. I do know that since he has started he has had no more bladder infection and has not fallen in 3 weeks. That's a record for him so we will continue to monitor. Best of luck to you and a lot is going to depend on the state your mom is in and what the state laws are concerning her rights or the rights of whom has her medical power of attorney.
Stefani Daniels December 20, Husband is ADL independent and socially interactive. But no short term memory which is the source of his agitation and depression. Dave Morgan August 10, Can this be used in the aid to stop smoking? If so, at what dosage using the dropper? Sheryll Hall August 6, I have Trigeminal neuralgia ,am being treated with seizer meds for it,am also on a beta blocker and Elavil 10 mg. Can I take CBD? Anna Marrian October 29, Did you get an answer for this?
I have the exact same scenario. I think I took too much and there are some weird drug interactions with Tegretol and I felt quite stoned It freaked me out a bit but I think I took too much. I'm trying lower doses again as recently my TN seems to be resisting the meds, although I have had a lot of emotional stress, which seems to be a trigger. Lois Campbell August 10, Just recd bottle of cdb and need to know the dosage to take? Taking for pain in knee. Bryce September 7, After 5 days, increase by 3 drops until relief.
Karen July 23, I am pre diabetic. I am pounds. I have a bottle of mg doses. How many drops would you suggest I take? I have my blood tested every three months. I also have severe osteoporosis and hypothyroidism. Donna July 20, I am 81 with lung cancer. How much CBD should I take and how often. How many drops each time. Joe Spinell August 24, I would start with 50 mg 2x daily and only lower the dosage if you have upset stomach. If you tolerate it well, you can even take more than that.
If you live in a state with legal cannabis, I recommend 5 to 10mg THC with it. Amanda June 1, The dosages mentioned do not take into account the strength of the tincture. There is no way I cold take this dose twice per day, as recommended on the bottle. The high dosages on this site must surely be for much weaker concentrations? Gary June 12, The article is just a little helpful How about saying x amount of dropper full times or 3x a day and yes factor in the ml see very simple. Heather Root June 16, I just bought my first bottle of the same strength.
I took two full droppers, for 20mg. Madeline August 11, I am trying to find out how long you can continue to take the oil. Do you take it for a month or a certain amount of days then stop? I am just confused about this and would like to find out some answers. Gary June 19, Amanda,I use Elixinol's gel caps and they don't upset my stomach. Those are 15mg each. I currently take one twice a day for chronic pain.
After two months I do see some improvement. Claire May 25, My son on the spectrum vapes cannabis and it is helpful for anxiety and socialization. I don't know if CBD alone is useful. Jim Mallory August 20, I just started vaping for back pain and am still trying to find the right dosage.
How does your son determine dosage? Is it the number of times he smokes, the amount of oil he smokes, or what.? Hope you can help me. Valerie Timmins September 11, He started taking CBD capsules, 25 mg each, and likes how he feels - he says it makes him energetic and upbeat. I figure if he thinks it works, I'm okay..! Kathryn DeYoung May 20, Any recommendation would be greatly appreciated.
Lori December 20, I also have MS and I'm very confused as to what I should take and how much. Please someone reply and give me some info.
Marilyn Lundy May 7, I have purchased one bottle of hemp oil mgm. The outer box says read instructions within for dosage. It is all in a foreign language. I have severe arthritis of both knees and right hip. I have taken only one capsule each morning.
My husband would like to use cbd capsules he has prostate cancer he has had a sucoma tumour 5yrs ago and have been on pain patches since and don't seam to be helping now is there anyway you could advice me the strength he would have to use and how many capsule to use as he would like to start them as soon as possible thanks. Jen June 16, Hi Marilyn, I would recommend a topical lotion or salve to start for instant relief..
Maybe to mg tincture to see how you feel. For me, the salve took the pain in my hands away in under a minute. I didn't notice how much the tincture worked until I forgot to take on vacation. Pain that was pretty much gone but came back, I was tired, grumpy and felt horrible. It works, just need to find right product and dosage for you. Karen July 6, I have purchased the same.
My bottle says 3 times a day. I have endometriosis, hip and knee pain. It helps me by taking it 3 times a day. Katherine Ward October 18, To start half a dropper twice a day. After 2 weeks increase as needed. But get the mg. Alex Maldo May 1, Thanks for sharing general advice to assess how much CBD to take for depression. Liz April 25, I have been taking 10 drops of mg CBD oil under my tongue in the mornings. It has been amazing to deal with depression and psoriasis.
Val May 6, This is exactly what I need. My psoriasis is flaring again: Where did you buy your CBD? How quickly did you see results? Pat August 17, I have had seizures and stopped taking keppra bad side effects. How much do I need and where can I buy most effective for me. Shelly May 20, I am researching cbd oil because of my psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. I am getting worse and do NOT want to go on a drug that suppresses my immune system.
Been there done that. It helped the psoriasis but I was sick constantly. How has your experience been? Carolyn June 20, I too suffer from psoriasis. Can you send me the brand you are using. I may as well try it. Glad you have found relief. Rob McWilliam March 24, I don't see any recommendations for water-soluble CBD oil.
I would like to try it as a gel cap but would like some advise on dosage size. I also want to know how often I should take the CBD treatments. Frank Furr February 28, Gayle December 18, Sharon December 11, For psoriatic arthritis with severe joint involvement what brand, type, and dose should I try. It appears from 1 dose to be having an impact. How many times may I give him this daily or increase the dose daily? Georgia Schell November 26, I have CBD mg. Serving says 20 drops and I take 20 in morning and 10 at night.
It seems to work to reduce pain from arthritis. No I have bile duct cancer, what dosssge should I use Nate December 5, Pharmacists have since moved to metric measurements, with a drop being rounded to exactly 0.
Jerry Ramsey November 4, I have severe hip and leg pain from my sciatica what cbd oil do I need and and how much to take per day. JJ February 22, I started with a half dropper full every night then added mornings. I also had sciatica and ITBS. Hardly no pain now. Kunji Rey February 25, Ann April 2, What brand did you get? I have the same issues and would like to stop eating ibuprofen like it's candy. I just want to make sure I get a brand that is reputable.
Micki October 18, Tammy et al, Through trial and error you will find a correct dosage. Try 50 mg daily Remember, there has never been a death from marijuana or CBD use. You won't get the psych high from it. Helps my friend with PArkinsons tremors. She takes 50mg of tincture and uses the rub morning and night. It is a miracle for arthritis. Tammy M October 9, I have cervical dystonia with head tremors. Been receiving Botox injections with really no good results. I want to try CBD oil to calm tremor down but unsure of which one or how much to take.
Can you help me? Laura Richards October 8, After fighting the effects of thyroid cancerfor 12 years I wanted to die. Now, please understand that these were thoughts with no actions, I was just miserable in pain. After 1 week on the CBD oil, 5 drops under the toungue 2x per day I am a different woman. I now have hope. Cindy September 6, I suffer fr migraines. Currently having Botox injections every three months for the last three years.
This has helped went fr 24 to 30 migraines a month to 6 to 8 , now I'm back up to 14 to 20 a month. My doctor thought CBD oil might help. I have also started having anxiety attacks for a year now. I'm really confused with the dosages.
Any thoughts would b helpful. Pat keener September 3, I'm a type 2 diabetic, have degenerative dics, osteoarthritis, skin alergies,finger and feet neuropathy. What dosage and product is good for these issues. Ebony November 3, I have the same thing. I was told cbd oil mg. Larry August 19, I have crohns dibeates 2 stage kidney failure I take mg of chemicals a day when I get a flair l might lose a lot of blood I've had fistula surgery once darn mean killed me 2 more just gut surgerys little bit of gut removed I tease my gut doctor he schoold just put in a zipper any way I'm looking for something natural to try for pain also where I live if you get caught automatic life so the delima begins how much would any one suggest starting out with thanks for your time also compared to most of the folks mine seems like a minor problem on this site but I would appreciate some advice I hope all you folks have good lives and remember god always loves you even though sometimes you think he may have forgotten you.
Heidi April 9, Hello I have crohns disease severe also. I also have ulcerative colitis I have had part of my upper and lower bowel removed. I am now trying cbd oil the euphoria one I just started taking it so still learning it seems to be helping a lot I take it 4 times a day about a dropper full.
If you have any other insight it would be much appreciated Heidi. Pat Irwin August 13, What product should I try and at what dose? I need a high dose. Casey June 3, Hi, I was also diagnosed with MS has anyone given you the correct dosage yet? Glenda Bishop August 10, I have severe neuropathy in both feet and legs.
I just got the CBD oil and I am interested in learning if anyone out there has had any success with this. I know each case and pain levels are different. Just would like to see some positive remarks from people who suffer with it. I am not looking for a cure just need an update on someone who took and it helped. I already know there is no cure.
I need help with the pain. I had a client using CBD from whole hemp for neuropathy with great success! The most important thing is taking it apart from other medications esp for heart, and giving yourself enough of a dose. If I were you, I would just go slow for the first few days then go up. Meyers March 21, I also have severe neuropathy, pain in both knees, hips and lower back.
I just bought a bottle of Hemp Oil and an unmarked dropper. I need to know how many drops do I start with. Thank you for any help. Diane March 24, I suffer from severe neuropathy in both feet. I bought some CBD oil today and started with 3 drops at 2 pm and 3 drops at 9: I am praying it works.
Miss Lyn Nichols July 19, Hi Diane, how did you go on with the CBD oil please. If it worked how long before you saw any results. I'm scared of flaring everything. Nerve damage across buttocks from a surgeon who found the nerve stuck to the bulge during a laminectomy operation and prised it off. I haven't sat for 5 years and getting worse. A muscle in my buttock is now throbbing constantly and causing pain to the muscle above. I've only started taking it today but the muscle pain is still as painful.
Does it take a while for it to work. Only started on low dose to see what happens. Karen August 13, I have idiopathic peripheral neuropathy I picked up some CBD oil yesterday morning. I am prescribed to take 75 mg of lyrica 3x per day. I took one yesterday morning and have only used the CBD oil since.
I bought the Koi brand, flavored, MG. I used a full dropper yesterday late morning and a full dropper yesterday late afternoon. I used it once today one full dropper and I am amazingly pain free.
Lauren June 5, I have severe neuropathy from mid torso down. I started reducing the gabipitin every two weeks because of the success with CBD. This is my second attempt to get away from the synthetic drugs with CBD oil. The first time was not taking enough, now I take three dropper full everyday. Hi Lauren I've just started today with mg cbd oil. I'm starting low to see what happens.
I've nerve damage across buttocks from a laminectomy. I've not been able to sit for 5 years. I've recently started with a muscle spasm in my left buttock and the muscle above is painful. It is only the first day, also tried a cbd night time tea as well.
Do change in muscle pain so tight on my left hand side. How long before felt it starting to work please. I'm trying not to expect changes straightaway. I also take mg gabapentin and 30mg amitriptyline and I hate both of them - they both can cause muscle tightness affecting the nerve. Jacki August 12, Acupuncture helped my painful feet. They are or never will be perfect but so much better. Just bought some cbd drops trying tobfigure out how much to take. Denise August 6, I also have a daughter on the Autism spectrum with anxiety.
She weighs about - Does anyone else give CBD to someone with autism, and if so, at what dose? Brenda March 23, I have a friend that gives it to her son whom is severely autistic. It calms him down and helps him to sleep well. Suzanne Arthurs July 22, Keum Chough July 20, Does it mean to say that no more treatment needed and it would cure it?? Indeed mg a day is enormous amount not to mention the cost to be realistic as a treatment.
Your response is appreciated. Eddy December 22, Pardon me, I looked at a clinical trial and they are testing mg twice a day with addition to regular medication one would take for schizophrenia.
My dad has severe advanced stage Dementia. Will CBD oil help him at this point? He is now refusing to eat any solid food, but will accept most drinks. In addition, he has lost a great deal of weight even though they're giving him Mega Shakes containing a full meals worth of proteins, etc. He gets at least 4 of these a day.. Is his Dementia too far gone for CBD oils to help him?
Kent Autrey July 8, Emily April 1, Kent, My mother has suffered from severe migraines since she was a child. Six weeks ago, she received the hemp oil tincture I do not know what dosage. She does not take it daily. She rubs a drop or two on her temples at the start of a migraine. The drops worked more effectively for her than her medication did, and now that is all she uses. Mike June 27, Morher-inlaw 78 just diagnosed with lymph node breast cancer.
Due to her age wondered of CBD would be useful and her situation. Chemotherapy would just kill her I believe. Just looking for Alternatives any information would be great thank you. Mike, what kind of breast cancer invasive ductal, I presume? How many of her lymph nodes were positive? How big was the primary tumor? That type of breast cancer mentioned above, which I had as Stage IA, is treated in postmenopausal women with anti-estrogen drugs called aromatase inhibitors aka AIs: CBD oil is effective for this joint pain it is not, I repeat, NOT a substitute for chemo, radiation or these anti-estrogen drugs.
If she lives in a state where medical marijuana is legal, there are doctors who sub-specialize in certifying applications for a medical marijuana card, and in the interim before the card is issued can advise as to the appropriate dose of CBD oil legal and over-the-counter in all 50 states. Eve Klatt June 12, I have lower back pain with some arthritis and arthritis in my hands.
It really does work. I have the drops and ointment. Because of the back pain I never would have been able to go on a hike with my family. We had a lot of fun. And "No Pain", all day. I'm also Type 2 diabetic. Anxious to see what my A1C is next month. Melanie April 20, Angela Torrance May 1, Hi Candy I also have lower back pain and arthritis in fingers can you tell me what type of oil you take and the dose please I am anxious to see if it will do me any good although Im not sure I can get it in Scotland!?
Rosita June 9, Hi, I had ovarian cancer stage 2 and went to do chemotherapy for 16 times in It came back last year but I did not do chemotherapy or radiation therapy as suggested by the doctor. I am taking hormone therapy at the moment. Can anyone give some idea?. Thank you very much. Lewi May 23, Hi, My dad has severe Neuropathy in both his feet and Parkinsons disease.
There are several kinds of CBD oils out there, what kind would be the best to use brand and what might be the dosage. Thank you very much,Gordon. Customer Care May 25, Unfortunately due to strict FDA regulations I am unable to make claims on our products based on your specific needs, I can however say that CBD is a natural anti-inflammatory and could assist. I can also share our top selling products in each category.
Please view the links below: Doug May 14, What is the right product strength for a 75 yr old female with stage IV lung cancer metastic to her bones. Both for pain and hopefully to slow down and kill cancer cells? Please help me, I am her husband and desperate. Customer Care May 29, Thanks for your interest in our products. Unfortunately due to strict FDA regulations I am unable to make claims on our products based on your specific needs, I can however share our top selling products in each category.
There are so many uses for CBD and it's great to see that you have included the fact that many conditions such as schizophrenia require larger doses of up to 1,mg per dose day JT April 4, Victoria Hebner April 4, The dosage recommendations come from the manufacturers themselves.
I hope this helps. I just started taking CBD oil , I am on my 2nd Hip replacement surgery due to device failures looking at a 3rd surgery. Has you can imagine the pain, stress and anxiety levels are off the charts. Especially at an otherwise healthy 54 yr women. So i understand from reading posts its best to take it under the tongue. I am taking ml a day.
I can tell some difference,is your recommended dosage. I am using for pain , stress and sleep. I appreciate your feedback. Dawn Theilgaard March 23, I was wondering if anyone has has used cbd oil to aid with skitzophrenia. I have read that it helps one to focus and silences the voices one may hear. I am trying to help my son as he has been on many meds and none have really worked. I have asked his dr about this treatment and he did tell me I could try it.
Sandra March 17, My daughter is on the spectrum for Autism and has anxiety. She is 12 years old and weighs about lbs. I'm wondering what dosage to give her for her anxiety? Madelen Poston March 13, My husband has stage 4 liver cancer. He has no appetite, and can't sleep. What strength and how much should he take for relief?
Best Marijuana for Pain Relief: CBD or THC Strains?
CBD oil is legal in 30 states where medicinal and/or recreational in liver enzymes, which would indicate possible liver damage, Welty said. Could the cannabis-based medicine CBD oil be the cure for pain? and found they might be of some benefit in the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain. A type . Meta-analysis of cannabis based treatments for neuropathic and multiple and chronic pain episodes · Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain .