WebMD explains the different types of heart disease and their causes. Live better with Life's Simple 7®. My Life Check® was designed by the American Heart Association with the goal of improved health by educating the public on how best to live. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. The American Heart Association explains Life's Simple 7 keys to prevention of heart disease.
disease 7) Cardiovascular
Some risk factors may affect heart disease risk differently in women than in men. For example, estrogen provides women some protection against heart disease, but diabetes raises the risk of heart disease more in women than in men. Certain groups have higher risks than others. African Americans are more likely than whites to have heart disease, while Hispanic Americans are less likely to have it.
You have a greater risk if you have a close family member who had heart disease at an early age. What can I do to lower my risk of heart disease? Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce your chances of getting heart disease: Control your blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. It is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly - at least once a year for most adults, and more often if you have high blood pressure.
Take steps, including lifestyle changes, to prevent or control high blood pressure. Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control.
High levels of cholesterol can clog your arteries and raise your risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack. Lifestyle changes and medicines if needed can lower your cholesterol.
Triglycerides are another type of fat in the blood. High levels of triglycerides may also raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women. Stay at a healthy weight. Being overweight or having obesity can increase your risk for heart disease. This is mostly because they are linked to other heart disease risk factors, including high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Controlling your weight can lower these risks. Eat a healthy diet. Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.
Exercise has many benefits, including strengthening your heart and improving your circulation. It can also help you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Don't have an account? High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, and More.
Continued from previous page. What are the modifiable risk factors? High blood cholesterol As high blood cholesterol itself does not cause symptoms, many people may not be aware that their cholesterol level is high.
Diabetes and abnormal blood glucose sugar levels Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness. Menopause Many women before menopause seem to be partly protected from coronary heart disease, heart attack and stroke by natural oestrogen. Obesity and overweight People with excess body fat — especially around the waist — are more prone to developing heart disease and stroke even if they have no other risk factors.
Physical inactivity An inactive lifestyle is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Smoking Smokers account for 40 per cent of deaths caused by heart disease in patients younger than 65 years.
Smokers have 2 to 3 times the risk of non-smokers for sudden cardiac death. Stress Your blood pressure goes up momentarily when you get angry, excited, frightened or when you are under stress. National Heart Centre Singapore.
Are You At Risk? Stress Echocardiogram and Nuclear Cardiology Test. Tags Risk factors and causes Heart Disease. C-section vs Natural Vaginal Birth. Your Baby is About 2. You May Also Like. Newsletter Sign up with your email. Please enter a valid email address. KK Women's and Children's Hospital. However, the recommended level of fruit and vegetable consumption supplies an adequate intake of potassium and there is no evidence in favour of long term potassium supplementation to reduce the risk of CVD.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables has been widely associated with good health. Recent studies show a protective effect against coronary heart disease , stroke and high blood pressure. Fish consumption also reduces the risk of coronary heart disease. The benefits are most evident in high risk groups.
Other dietary factors may also contribute to reducing the risk. Nuts are high in unsaturated fatty acids and low in saturated fats, which contribute to lowering cholesterol levels.
Several animal experiments have suggested that isoflavones, present in soy products , may provide protection against coronary heart disease. Alcohol can have both a damaging and protective role in the development of cardiovascular disease. Despite convincing evidence that low to moderate alcohol consumption reduces the risk of coronary heart disease , consumption should be limited because of the risk of other cardiovascular diseases and health problems. Coffee beans contain a substance called cafestol , which can raise the level of cholesterol in the blood and may increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
The amount of cafestol in the cup depends on the brewing method: Products commonly used for cooking, such as hydrogenated fats or coconut and palm oil, contain saturated fatty acids. Limiting the amount of saturated fatty acids consumed can be accomplished by restricting the intake of fat from dairy and meat sources, avoiding the use of hydrogenated oils in cooking, and ensuring a regular intake of fish once or twice per week.
Summary of strength of evidence on lifestyle factors. A daily intake of to g of fruits and vegetables such as berries, green leafy vegetables and legumes is recommended to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease , stroke and high blood pressure.
This daily consumption provides an adequate amount of potassium, which lowers blood pressure and is protective against stroke and cardiac arrythmias. Other beneficial effects are due to the phytonutrients and fibre contained in fruits and vegetables. Indeed, fibre that is also found in wholegrain cereals helps protect against coronary heart disease and lowers blood pressure. Restricting salt sodium chloride intake to less than 5 g per day generally helps to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.
How to Prevent Heart Disease
Objective The American Heart Association developed Life's Simple 7 to define and monitor cardiovascular health (CVH), but their contributions to cardiovascular. Ongoing lifestyle changes are contributing to the increase in the global burden of cardiovascular diseases. Currently, one third of all the deaths in the world are. Those three things can raise your risk for heart disease. Most adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night. Make sure that you have good sleep habits. If you have .